In the coming years, due to the aging of the population and the low availability of donor organs there will be urgent need for bioengineering solutions to assist, mimic or replace failing patient organs. We have the ambition, to take-on the challenge of helping the patients by developing (bio) artificial organs. These organs would be:
1) Artificial: based on new biomaterials and novel designs, to assist or mimic a patient organ. Typical examples here are: (i) new generation of artificial kidney devices for better and more continuous patient treatment – including portable kidney devices (ii) new artificial liver devices for blood detoxification using novel sorbents.
2) Bioartificial: combining biomaterials and biological cells to fully replace failing patient organs. Typical examples here are: (i) bioartificial kidney devices, combining biomaterials and kidney epithelial cells for improved blood detoxification (ii) bioartificial pancreas devices, combining encapsulation of pancreatic cells for treatment of diabetes (iii) development of a bioartificial lungs for studying lung regeneration.
In this research, the challenges (scientific and technological) are big. The complexity increases from artificial to bioartificial organs, and the engineering and regulatory demands increase further if these organs would be extracorporeal or implantable.
Keywords: (bio)artificial organs, biomaterials, membranes
University of Twente
Department of Biomaterials Science and Technology/ TechMed Institute
P.O Box 217
7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Tel: +31 53 4894675 and or +31 53 4892968